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What Are The Oldest Buildings In Yorkshire?

The UK has an incredibly diverse history. Over the years, it has been home to the Romans, Danes, Anglo Saxons, Normans and many more; all of which have left their mark on the landscape.

Many towns and cities have retained their ancient architecture from various periods of time. Yorkshire is no different. In this blog, we hope to explore some of the historical buildings found in this part of the UK, hopefully inspiring you to look closer at Yorkshire’s heritage and architectural makeup.


Oldest Buildings in Yorkshire: Top 10 


1. Halifax Minster


The Halifax Minster, built in 1438AD, and located in West Yorkshire, was a building dedicated to St. John the Baptist. 


2. York Minster


York Minster was built in 1408AD; it is the Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of St. Peter. It is one of the largest buildings of its kind in the whole of Northern Europe. 

It is the seat of the Archbishop of York, the second-highest office of the Church of England. The title, ‘minster’ was attributed to churches established during the Anglo-Saxon period.


3. York Castle


York Castle was built in 1265AD, located in the City of York, and comprises a sequence of castles, prisons, law courts and other buildings, spanning over the last nine centuries.

Interesting facts about York Castle: it continued to be used as a jail and prison until 1929.


4. Kirkstall Abbey


A ruined Cistercian monastery based in the centre of West Yorkshire. It was built in 1265AD, and its picturesque ruins have been painted by famous artists.

5. Helmsley Castle



Helmsley Castle, also known as ‘Hamlake’, is a medieval castle that was built in 1120AD; found within the North York Moors National Park.


6. Skipton Castle


This is another medieval castle, built in 1090AD and found in Skipton, North Yorkshire. The castle was originally built by Robert de Romille, a Norman baron, and it has been preserved for over 900 years.


7. Richmond Castle


This castle was originally called, ‘Riche Mount’ (Strong Hill), and built-in 1072AD, following the Norman conquest of England. This is a Grade I listed building and therefore recognised as an internationally important structure.


8. Selby Abbey


This building is an Anglican parish church built in 1069AD.


9. Church of All Hallows


This is one of the best surviving Anglo-Saxon in West Yorkshire, it is presumed to have been built between 800AD and 825AD. 


10. Ripon Cathedral


Last on our list of the oldest buildings in Yorkshire is Ripon Cathedral. It was built in 672AD, making it the oldest building in Yorkshire – and it is the seat of the Bishop of Leeds. This cathedral is also a Grade I listed building.

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