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Types of Buildings

Society is made up of a multitude of different types of buildings, for a variety of purposes and functions. Today, we’d like to explore what those types of buildings are, what functions they serve in society and how we use them in our daily lives. 


10 Different Types of Buildings

Office Buildings

This includes office towers, as well as smaller office buildings and spaces.


Residential Buildings 

The most common types of buildings in this category are detached single-family houses, townhouses, and apartments/ flats. These vary greatly in architectural style.


Retail Buildings 

These can be single or multiple shop structures. In most towns and cities you will find shops, boutiques and service-based buildings such as a dentist or estate agent. Retail buildings also encompass large retail outlets and supermarkets, as well as shopping centres.


Hospitality Buildings 

These types of buildings include hotels, resorts, bed & breakfasts, hostels and restaurants.


Multi-purpose Buildings 

This building type has several functions, for example, it could incorporate retail, office, hospitality or residential space. 


Historic, civic or government buildings 

These types of buildings are built to serve the community in some shape or form. They can be hospitals and clinics, libraries, community centres, museums, courthouses, police/ fire, prisons, or a post office.


Gathering Buildings

Most towns and cities have buildings that cater to large crowds and gatherings; they take the form of stadiums, arenas, theatres, conference centres, and auditoriums. These venues play host to a variety of different activities such as sports events, concerts, shows and trade shows, exhibitions, and more.


Religious Buildings

Whilst similar to ‘gathering buildings’ as they often house a group of people, these types of buildings serve a different purpose. They include churches, temples, mosques, cathedrals, monasteries, and synagogues.


Educational Buildings

This is fairly self-explanatory, and most villages, towns and cities have at least one school. But this also encompasses primary schools, secondary schools, colleges and universities as well as specialist learning centres and training facilities.


Industrial Buildings

Many towns and cities have designated areas in their region for industrial buildings. This includes manufacturing facilities, factories and warehouse facilities. But, infrastructure buildings such as power plants, nuclear plants, water treatment plants, and more can also fall under this category.


Naturally, there are many other types of buildings that we see all over the world and in our society. This is not a complete list, there are many others that we have not included in this top 10 list.



If you need a builder, then look no further than the team at Cobbydale Construction. We specialise in new builds, home extensions, conversions and renovations as well as windows and doors; give us a call today on 01943 630 038 (Ilkley) or 01535 653 530 (Keighley). Alternatively, you can fill out our online contact form and one of our team will be in touch.